Removal of 5-fluorouracil by solar-driven photoelectrocatalytic oxidation using Ti/TiO2(NT) photoelectrodes
Paweł Mazierski , Agnieszka Fiszka-Borzyszkowska , Patrycja Wilczewska , Anna Białk-Bielińska , Adriana Zaleska-Medynska , Ewa Maria Siedlecka , Aleksandra Pieczyńska
AbstractThe efficient and safe degradation of drugs present in wastewater requires the design of a new material possessing high activity for that process. In addition to other methods, photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) merges the strengths of both photocatalytic and electrochemical methods, and the efficiency could be enhanced by the type of photoelectrode material. To address this challenge, three Ti/TiO2 nanotube-based photoelectrodes, differing in their tube morphology, were prepared by anodic oxidation and employed for the degradation of the 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) drug by the PEC process. The highest efficiency for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) degradation by PEC was observed for the photoelectrode with a 1.7 μm length, 65 nm diameter and 8 nm wall thickness of TiO2 nanotubes, which were prepared by Ti foil anodization at 30 V. The effects of applied potential, irradiation intensity, initial pH and 5-FU concentration on PEC were investigated. Furthermore, our findings showed that the mechanism of photoelectrocatalysis in the presence of TiO2 nanotubes is based on ∙OH and h+ activity. To determine the 5-FU degradation pathway, the organic byproducts were identified by LC-MS analysis. Furthermore, the ecotoxicity evaluated during PEC dropped with decreasing 5-FU concentration.
|Journal series||Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Anticancer drug, photoelectrocatalysis, TiO2 nanotubes, photoelectrodes|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score||= 140.0, 17-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; : 2017 = 2.358; : 2018 = 7.913 (2) - 2018=8.424 (5)|
|Citation count*||5 (2019-12-13)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.