Over capacity of container shipping as a challenge to rail silk road competitiveness
Stanisław Miecznikowski , Tomasz Radzikowski
AbstractInternational trade is rapidly changing. Global trade agreements are replaced by regional agreements. The China’s GDP is decreasing resulting in lower level of China’s exports, which so far used mainly sea transport. The sea transport experi- ences glut in transport capacity, which, with the the falling GDP of China, may result in subsequent bancrupties of ship owners, high costs and uneffectiveness of sea ports. Moreover sea freight takes a long time and is connected with long transship- ments in ports. Rail transport is much more efficient due to the considerably smaller batches of goods. However, creating “one belt” connecting China and Europe is required. The existing railway corridor, the so called “new silk road” runs through north Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus and Poland to Western Europe. Its capacity level is insufficient. Creating a new projected railway corridor running through Central Asia, the Caspian Sea, Azerbeijan, Georgia, the Black Sea and the Ukraine to the European Union.
|Journal series||Research Journal of the University of Gdańsk. Transport Economics and Logistics., ISSN 0208-4821, (B 8 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.2|
|Keywords in English||Silk Road, One Belt One Road, China, Central Asia, Kaukazian states, multimodal transport economics, projected railway corridor, ver capacity of shipping|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 8.0, 17-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
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