Over capacity of container shipping as a challenge to rail silk road competitiveness

Stanisław Miecznikowski , Tomasz Radzikowski

Abstract

International trade is rapidly changing. Global trade agreements are replaced by regional agreements. The China’s GDP is decreasing resulting in lower level of China’s exports, which so far used mainly sea transport. The sea transport experi- ences glut in transport capacity, which, with the the falling GDP of China, may result in subsequent bancrupties of ship owners, high costs and uneffectiveness of sea ports. Moreover sea freight takes a long time and is connected with long transship- ments in ports. Rail transport is much more efficient due to the considerably smaller batches of goods. However, creating “one belt” connecting China and Europe is required. The existing railway corridor, the so called “new silk road” runs through north Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus and Poland to Western Europe. Its capacity level is insufficient. Creating a new projected railway corridor running through Central Asia, the Caspian Sea, Azerbeijan, Georgia, the Black Sea and the Ukraine to the European Union.
Author Stanisław Miecznikowski (FE / DTM)
Stanisław Miecznikowski,,
- Department of Transportation Market
, Tomasz Radzikowski (FE)
Tomasz Radzikowski,,
- Faculty of Economics
Journal seriesResearch Journal of the University of Gdańsk. Transport Economics and Logistics., ISSN 0208-4821, (B 8 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol70
Pages121-132
Publication size in sheets1.2
Keywords in EnglishSilk Road, One Belt One Road, China, Central Asia, Kaukazian states, multimodal transport economics, projected railway corridor, ver capacity of shipping
DOIDOI:10.5604/01.3001.0010.5932
URL http://znetil.ug.edu.pl/index.php/etil/article/view/119/106
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach (CC-BY-NC-SA); with publication
Score (nominal)8
ScoreMinisterial score = 8.0, 26-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 8.0, 26-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
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