Greenhouse gas emissions from cultivation of plants used for biofuel production in Poland

Paweł Wiśniewski , Mariusz Kistowski


A reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as an increase in the share of renewable energy are the main objectives of EU energy policy. In Poland, biofuels play an important role in the structure of obtaining energy from renewable sources. In the case of biofuels obtained from agricultural raw materials, one of the significant components of emissions generated in their full life cycle is emissions from the cultivation stage. The aim of the study is to estimate and recognize the structure of GHG emission from biomass production in selected farms in Poland. For this purpose, the methodology that was recommended by the Polish certification system of sustainable biofuels and bioliquids production, as approved by the European Commission, was used. The calculated emission values vary between 41.5 kg CO2eq/t and 147.2 kg CO2eq/t dry matter. The highest average emissions were obtained for wheat (103.6 kg CO2eq/t), followed by maize (100.5 kg CO2eq/t), triticale (95.4 kg CO2eq/t), and rye (72.5 kg CO2eq/t). The greatest impact on the total GHG emissions from biomass production is caused by field emissions of nitrous oxide and emissions from the production and transport of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Emissions that were generated at the stage of production, storage, and transport of seeds and during the use of fuels in agricultural and forestry machinery have a significantly smaller share in the total GHG emissions from biomass production.
Author Paweł Wiśniewski (FOG/IG/DPGEM)
Paweł Wiśniewski,,
- Department of Physical Geography and Environmental Management
, Mariusz Kistowski (FOG/IG/DPGEM)
Mariusz Kistowski,,
- Department of Physical Geography and Environmental Management
Journal seriesAtmosphere, ISSN 2073-4433, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.55
Article number394
Keywords in Polishgazy cieplarniane, emisja, biopaliwa, biomasa, uprawa, rośliny, Polska
Keywords in Englishgreenhouse gases, emission, biofuels, biomass, cultivation, plants, Poland
ASJC Classification1902 Atmospheric Science; 2301 Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Languageen angielski
LicenseRepository; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Wisniewski_Pawel_Greenhouse_Gas_Emissions_2020.pdf Wisniewski_Pawel_Greenhouse_Gas_Emissions_2020.pdf 1,02 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 09-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0.000; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.855; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.046 (2) - 2018=2.253 (5)
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LicencjaUtwór jest udostępniany na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe (CC BY 4.0)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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