Greenhouse gas emissions from cultivation of plants used for biofuel production in Poland
Paweł Wiśniewski , Mariusz Kistowski
AbstractA reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as an increase in the share of renewable energy are the main objectives of EU energy policy. In Poland, biofuels play an important role in the structure of obtaining energy from renewable sources. In the case of biofuels obtained from agricultural raw materials, one of the significant components of emissions generated in their full life cycle is emissions from the cultivation stage. The aim of the study is to estimate and recognize the structure of GHG emission from biomass production in selected farms in Poland. For this purpose, the methodology that was recommended by the Polish certification system of sustainable biofuels and bioliquids production, as approved by the European Commission, was used. The calculated emission values vary between 41.5 kg CO2eq/t and 147.2 kg CO2eq/t dry matter. The highest average emissions were obtained for wheat (103.6 kg CO2eq/t), followed by maize (100.5 kg CO2eq/t), triticale (95.4 kg CO2eq/t), and rye (72.5 kg CO2eq/t). The greatest impact on the total GHG emissions from biomass production is caused by field emissions of nitrous oxide and emissions from the production and transport of fertilizers and agrochemicals. Emissions that were generated at the stage of production, storage, and transport of seeds and during the use of fuels in agricultural and forestry machinery have a significantly smaller share in the total GHG emissions from biomass production.
|Journal series||Atmosphere, ISSN 2073-4433, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in Polish||gazy cieplarniane, emisja, biopaliwa, biomasa, uprawa, rośliny, Polska|
|Keywords in English||greenhouse gases, emission, biofuels, biomass, cultivation, plants, Poland|
|License||Repository; published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 09-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; : 2018 = 0.855; : 2018 = 2.046 (2) - 2018=2.253 (5)|
|Licencja||Utwór jest udostępniany na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.