Empathy and social closeness toward refugees from Syria: the mediating role of cultural intelligence
Paulina Pawlicka , Maria Kaźmierczak , Adam Jagiełło-Rusiłowski
AbstractThe predictors of social closeness toward refugees are rarely examined. In this study (N = 337), higher cultural intelligence (CQ) and higher empathy were defined as predictors of higher social closeness (lower social distance [the Social Distance Scale] and warmer feelings [the Feeling Thermometer]) toward refugees from Syria. This is the target group of prejudice and intensive coverage in the European mass media. The obtained results indicated that other‐oriented empathy (empathic concern and perspective taking) and the motivational CQ predicted higher social closeness and warmer feelings toward refugees from Syria. Empathic personal distress predicted lower social closeness and colder feelings toward this group. Motivational CQ consistently served as the mediator of the relationship between empathy dimensions and social closeness toward Syrian refugees. Our findings reveal the previously unexplored correlations between empathy dimensions and cultural intelligence factors, including the mediational effects in predicting social closeness toward Syrian refugees.
|Journal series||Journal of Community Psychology, ISSN 0090-4392, (N/A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in English||cultural intelligence, emotions, empathy, prejudice, refugees, social closeness, Syria|
|Score||= 40.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 0.821; : 2017 = 0.801 (2) - 2017=1.198 (5)|
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