Empathy and social closeness toward refugees from Syria: the mediating role of cultural intelligence

Paulina Pawlicka , Maria Kaźmierczak , Adam Jagiełło-Rusiłowski


The predictors of social closeness toward refugees are rarely examined. In this study (N = 337), higher cultural intelligence (CQ) and higher empathy were defined as predictors of higher social closeness (lower social distance [the Social Distance Scale] and warmer feelings [the Feeling Thermometer]) toward refugees from Syria. This is the target group of prejudice and intensive coverage in the European mass media. The obtained results indicated that other‐oriented empathy (empathic concern and perspective taking) and the motivational CQ predicted higher social closeness and warmer feelings toward refugees from Syria. Empathic personal distress predicted lower social closeness and colder feelings toward this group. Motivational CQ consistently served as the mediator of the relationship between empathy dimensions and social closeness toward Syrian refugees. Our findings reveal the previously unexplored correlations between empathy dimensions and cultural intelligence factors, including the mediational effects in predicting social closeness toward Syrian refugees.
Author Paulina Pawlicka (FSS/IPsych/DIPGP)
Paulina Pawlicka,,
- Division of Intercultural Psychology and Gender Psychology
, Maria Kaźmierczak (FSS/IPsych/DRFQL)
Maria Kaźmierczak,,
- Division of Research on Family and Quality of Life
, Adam Jagiełło-Rusiłowski (FSS/IE/DCT)
Adam Jagiełło-Rusiłowski,,
- Division of Curriculum Theory
Journal seriesJournal of Community Psychology, ISSN 0090-4392, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.85
Keywords in Englishcultural intelligence, emotions, empathy, prejudice, refugees, social closeness, Syria
ASJC Classification3207 Social Psychology
URL https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22169
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0.000; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.821; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 0.801 (2) - 2017=1.198 (5)
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