Is participation in music festivals a self-expansion opportunity? Identity, self-perception, and the importance of music’s functions

Rafał Lawendowski , Tomasz Besta


A correlational study was conducted among attendees of three music festivals in Poland (N=828). The main goal was to examine how functions ascribed to music are related to (a) a feeling of being united with other attendees, (b) the perception of being independent from or (c) interdependent with other attendees, and (d) a feeling of self-growth resulting in self-expansion. Using structural equation modelling, we showed the following. First, people who feel stronger connections and experience more personal relationships with other attendees report a stronger feeling of self-growth during music festivals and ascribe more importance to the social functions of music. Second, a strong, direct relationship exists between independent self-construal (i.e., an individualistic view of the self as autonomous from other people) and the self-awareness function of music as well as between interdependent self-construal (i.e., a more collectivistic view of the self as embedded in the group and community) and the social function of music. Finally, the results of the mediation analysis of self-expansion for the relationships between different aspects of self and the functions of music indicated that self-expansion is a statistically significant partial mediator of these relationships for the social and self-awareness function of music but not for the emotional function. That is, participants, who experienced changes in self-construct related to self-growth and self-development from their participation in a music festival used music to facilitate self-awareness and social relatedness.
Publication typeIn press (online first, early view)
Author Rafał Lawendowski (FSS / IPsych / DRFQL)
Rafał Lawendowski,,
- Division of Research on Family and Quality of Life
, Tomasz Besta (FSS / IPsych / DPPFP)
Tomasz Besta,,
- Division of Personality Psychology and Forensic Psychology
Journal seriesMusicae Scientiae, ISSN 1029-8649, (C 25 pkt)
Issue year2018
Noonline first
Publication size in sheets1
Keywords in Englishaudience, functions of music, identity, music festivals, self
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.408 (2) - 2016=1.845 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.