Critical study of crop-derived biochars for soil amendment and pharmaceutical ecotoxicity reduction
Magda Caban , Agnieszka Folentarska , Hanna Lis , Paulina Kobylis , Aleksandra Bielicka-Giełdoń , Jolanta Kumirska , Wojciech Ciesielski , Piotr Stepnowski
AbstractIn this study, biochars (BCs) produced from crops (straw and seeds) were tested for the applicability as additive to soils. The effect on pH, water capacity and cation exchange capacity of soil were tested. The ability for the sorption of pharmaceuticals (beta-blockers, anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfonamides, 17α-ethinylestradiol, carbamazepine, caffeine) using the batch sorption test was performed, and the effect of water pH was investigated. In addition, the metals removed from the biochar was analyzed as a potential toxicity factor. The mechanism of adsorption (Langmuir, Freundlich) was tested for sulfadimetoxine. The effect of the rye-derived biochar on water cress germination and the reduction of the sulfonamides toxicity to this plant was tested. The advantages of crop-derived biochar application to different soils (sand soil, clay soil and reference soil) was presented. It was found that tested BCs effectively increase the water capacity of soils, especially sand type soil, but in the same time it had increase the pH of pure-buffering soils. The driving force of pharmaceutical sorption was its ionization form - the highest sorption occurs for cations, medium for neutral forms, while the lowest sorption for anions. The opposite situation have been noted for desorption from biochar. The washing of biochars increases sorption for the neutral and anionic species, but not for the cations. The application of biochars into the soils can from one site protect the plants from toxic impact of sulfonamides, but from the other hamper the root prolongation by the pH increase.
|Journal series||Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, e-ISSN 1879-1298, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||pharmaceuticals sorption, biochar, washed biochar, sorption study, desorption study, cress toxicity test|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 100.0, 28-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.54; : 2018 = 5.108 (2) - 2018=5.089 (5)|
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