Changing environments and biomolecule coronas: consequences and challenges for the design of environmentally acceptable engineered nanoparticles

Marta Markiewicz , Jolanta Kumirska , Iseult Lynch , Marianne Matzke , Jan Köser , Steve Bemowsky , Dominic Docter , Roland Stauber , Dana Westmeier , Stefan Stolte


Nanomaterials (NMs) are gaining increasing commercial importance due to a variety of properties that cannot be achieved with bulk materials. Yet the assessment of their environmental impacts lags behind the technological development. First attempts towards designing inherently safer NMs have been made, yet we are still unable to formulate rules of green nano-design, especially in terms of mitigating (long-term) toxicity and bioaccumulation. Importantly, NMs released to the environment acquire a so called ‘environmental corona’ – a complex layer of spontaneously adsorbed biomolecules – that significantly impacts their behaviour and fate. This review integrates the current literature on the impact of environmental conditions on NMs fate and behaviour, including corona formation, colloidal stability, reactivity, and toxicty, using a broad range of environmentally relevant NMs. Collectively, components of natural waters (such as salts and/or natural organic matter) often mitigate negative impacts of NMs via different mechanisms including surface passivation and stabilisation against dissolution. The review concludes by discussing some initial strategies on how to rationally design more environmentally acceptable NMs.
Author Marta Markiewicz
Marta Markiewicz,,
, Jolanta Kumirska (FCh / DEA / LChAD)
Jolanta Kumirska,,
- Laboratory of Chemical Analytics and Diagnostics
, Iseult Lynch
Iseult Lynch,,
, Marianne Matzke
Marianne Matzke,,
, Jan Köser
Jan Köser,,
, Steve Bemowsky
Steve Bemowsky,,
, Dominic Docter
Dominic Docter,,
, Roland Stauber
Roland Stauber,,
, Dana Westmeier
Dana Westmeier,,
, Stefan Stolte
Stefan Stolte,,
Journal seriesGreen Chemistry, ISSN 1463-9262, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets1.75
ASJC Classification2310 Pollution; 2304 Environmental Chemistry
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)45
ScoreMinisterial score = 45.0, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 45.0, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 2; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.847; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 8.586 (2) - 2017=8.717 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.