Dementias and the frontal lobes

Michał Harciarek , Emilia J. Sitek , Anna Barczak

Abstract

Dementing diseases with predominant frontal and frontostriatal involvement are often characterized by early progressive behavioral and executive symptoms. This phenomenon is seen not only in individuals with frontotemporal lobar degeneration but also in patients with early-onset Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and dementias associated with movement disorders. The assessment of executive deficits in patients with dementia is challenging, especially in the context of more general decline. Thus, scores on tasks aimed to assess executive function need to be interpreted only in light of full cognitive and language profile as well as qualitative observations, whereas behavioral assessment should be based both on clinician’s observations and the interview with the patient’s caregiver. This chapter characterizes the most common dementing diseases that may affect frontal lobe function. Particular attention has been paid to behavior, affect, and executive function. Some implications for assessment of frontal lobe function have been also discussed.
Author Michał Harciarek (FSS / IPsych / DCPN)
Michał Harciarek,,
- Division of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology
, Emilia J. Sitek
Emilia J. Sitek,,
-
, Anna Barczak
Anna Barczak,,
-
Pages445-486
Publication size in sheets2.05
Book Goldberg Elkhonon (eds.): Executive functions in health and disease, 2017, Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-803676-1, [978-0-12-803705-8], 611 p.
Keywords in Englishexecutive function, frontotemporal dementia, early-onset Alzheimer‘s disease, neurodegeneration
DOIDOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00019-2
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 17-10-2018, BookChapterNotSeriesMainLanguages
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