Revisiting Cr3+-doped Bi2Ga4O9 spectroscopy: crystal field effect and optical thermometric behavior of near-infrared-emitting singly-activated phosphors
Michele Back , Jumpei Ueda , Mikhail G. Brik , Tadeusz Leśniewski , Marek Grinberg , Setsuhisa Tanabe
AbstractThe increasing interest in the development of ratiometric optical thermal sensors has led to a wide variety of new systems with promising properties. Among them, singly-doped ratiometric thermometers were recently demonstrated to be particularly reliable. With the aim to discuss the development of an ideal optical thermal sensor, a combined experimental and theoretical insight into the spectroscopy of the Bi2Ga4O9:Cr3+ system is reported showing the importance of an insightful analysis in a wide temperature range. Low-temperature photoluminescence analysis (from 10 K) and the temperature dependence of the lifetime investigation, together with the crystal field analysis and the modeling of the thermal quenching process, allow the estimation of key parameters such as the Debye temperature (cutoff frequency), the Huang–Rhys parameter, and the energy barrier between 2Eg and 4T2g. Additionally, by considering the reliable class of singly-doped ratiometric thermometers based on a couple of excited states obeying the Boltzmann law, the important role played by the absolute sensitivity was discussed and the great potential of Cr3+ singly-activated systems was demonstrated. The results may provide new guidelines for the design of reliable optical thermometers with outstanding and robust performances.
|Journal series||ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Score||= 40.0, 30-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.528; : 2017 = 8.097 (2) - 2017=8.284 (5)|
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