Making space for a new role - gender differences in identity changes in couples transitioning to parenthood

Maria Kaźmierczak , Karol Karasiewicz

Abstract

Changes in life roles reflect the process of reorganization of identity, which is an important component of adaptation during transition to parenthood. During this family transition gender differences are significant. Despite the fact that in Western societies women and men are encouraged to share family and work responsibilities, female self-concept is more strongly associated with motherhood, whereas men still highly value the role of a breadwinner. Therefore, relative perceived and desired salience, and directly assessed importance of main life roles (a spouse, a worker and a parent) before and after the birth of the child were examined. One hundred and eighty-seven couples participated in the study. The perceived (relative and directly assessed), and relative desired salience of a parental role increased after the child’s birth in both genders. Women valued the parent role higher than men who deemed the worker role more salient to their identity after the child’s birth. Spouse identity seemed to be created in the couple itself as both partners assessed it similarly. Inclusion of couples and repeated measurement of all variables allowed for the analysis of complex changes in self-perceptions in transitions to motherhood and fatherhood.
Publication typeIn press (online first, early view)
Author Maria Kaźmierczak ZPOiPS
Maria Kaźmierczak,,
- Division of Personality Psychology and Forensic Psychology
, Karol Karasiewicz
Karol Karasiewicz,,
-
Journal seriesJournal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236
Issue year2018
Pages1-17
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishtransition to parenthood, gender differences, life roles, identity changes, couples
DOIDOI:10.1080/09589236.2018.1441015
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 04-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, 04-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 0.676 (2) - 2016=1.036 (5)
Citation count*0
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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