NL reading skills mediate the relationship between NL phonological processing skills and a foreign language (FL) reading skills in students with and without dyslexia: a case of a NL (Polish) and FL (English) with different degrees of orthographic consistency

Marta Łockiewicz , Martyna Jaskulska


The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between NL (Native Language: Polish) phonological processing skills (verbal and phonological short-term memory, phoneme segmentation and blending, rapid automatised naming (RAN)) and the accuracy and fluency of NL and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) word and nonword decoding and word recognition skills of Polish students with and without dyslexia. Sixty-three (45%) high schooland junior high school students with and 78 (55%) without dyslexia participated. We foundthat dyslexia, years of studying EFL at school and privately, NL phoneme blending and RAN predicted word reading accuracy in EFL, and dyslexia, years of studying EFL privately, andNL RAN predicted EFL word reading fluency. Dyslexia and NL phoneme blending predictedthe accuracy, and NL RAN—the fluency of EFL nonword decoding. These findings confirmthat difficulties in FL acquisition result from NL phonological processing deficits, character-istic of dyslexia. Our results also showed relationships between NL phonological processingand EFL reading that were analogical to the ones observed for NL. The pattern of relationsbetween NL phonological processing, NL reading, and EFL reading was similar for readingfluency, but not for reading accuracy in the compared groups. Both NL phonological processing and NL reading facilitated EFL reading, though it was more conspicuous in the control group, which suggests that readers with dyslexia benefit less from their NL reading skills when learning to read in FL.
Publication typeIn press (online first, early view)
Author Marta Łockiewicz (FSS / IPsych / DDPP)
Marta Łockiewicz,,
- Division of Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology
, Martyna Jaskulska (FSS / IPsych)
Martyna Jaskulska ,,
- Institute of Psychology
Journal seriesAnnals of Dislexia, ISSN 0736-9387, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Noonline first
Publication size in sheets1.15
Keywords in Englishdyslexia, English as a foreign language, orthographic consistency, phonological processing, reading
ASJC Classification3616 Speech and Hearing; 3304 Education
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 17-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.214; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.793 (2) - 2017=2.132 (5)
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