Electrochemistry of Symmetrical Ion Channel: Three-Dimensional Nernst-Planck-Poisson Model

Bogusław Bożek , Henryk Leszczyński , Katarzyna Tkacz-Śmiech , Marek Danielewski

Abstract

The paper provides a physical description of ionic transport through the rigid symmetrical channel. A three-dimensional mathematical model, in which the ionic transport is treated as the electrodiffusion of ions, is presented. The model bases on the solution of the 3D Nernst-Planck-Poisson system for cylindrical geometry. The total flux includes drift (convection) and diffusion terms. It allows simulating the transport characteristics at the steady-state and time evolution of the system. The numerical solutions of the coupled differential diffusion equation system are obtained by finite element method. Examples are presented in which the flow characteristics at the stationary state and during time evolution are compared. It is shown that the stationary state is achieved after about 2×10-8s since the process beginning. Various initial conditions (channel charging and dimensions) are considered as the key parameters controlling the selectivity of the channel. The model allows determining the flow characteristic, calculating the local concentration and potential across the channel. The model can be extended to simulate transport in polymer membranes and nanopores which might be useful in designing biosensors and nanodevices.
Author Bogusław Bożek
Bogusław Bożek,,
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, Henryk Leszczyński (FMPI / IM)
Henryk Leszczyński,,
- Institute of Mathematics
, Katarzyna Tkacz-Śmiech
Katarzyna Tkacz-Śmiech,,
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, Marek Danielewski
Marek Danielewski,,
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Pages68-78
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Divinski S. V. , Bracht H., Stolwijk N. A. (eds.): Diffusion in materials, Defect and Diffusion Forum, no. 363, 2015, Trans Tech Publications, ISBN 978-3-03835-427-7
DOIDOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.363.68
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 05-09-2019, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConfByIndicator
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 05-09-2019, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConfByIndicator
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 3
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