Help or hindrance: the relationship of physical activity with aggressiveness and self-esteem in 16-year-old adolescents
Magdalena Jochimek , Ariadna Łada
AbstractBackground Puberty is a particularly important period for moulding one’s lifestyle. Physical activity (PA) levels exhibited by teenagers remain low despite efforts to promote it, and the percentage of individuals who are exempt from taking part in physical education classes is high. In this context, the aim of the current study is to analyse the levels of aggression and self-esteem in adolescents characterised by different levels of physical activity. participants and procedure A total of 968 16-year-old adolescents took part in the study. Participants were divided into four subgroups: 1) a nonactive group, n = 141 (95 girls); 2) a physical education (PE) group, n = 514 (322 girls); 3) a high PA group, n = 178 (81 girls); and 4) an athlete group, n = 135 (66 girls). Participants were asked to complete a socio-demographic survey and a set of questionnaires (IPAO, KAM-RE, and SES). results The non-active group scored higher than the PE and high PA groups on the general aggressiveness scale. Statistically significant differences were found between the non-active group and other groups for direct and indirect aggression, opposition, and verbal aggression. The athlete group scored higher on the indirect aggression scale than the PE group. The high PA group scored higher than the nonactive group in self-esteem. conclusions Undertaking compulsory physical activity in school and additional physical activity based on one’s own interests is associated with lower levels of aggression in comparison to individuals who do not undertake any physical activity. For this reason, it is necessary to continue consistently promoting physical activity in school and during free time.
|Journal series||Health Psychology Report, ISSN 2353-4184, e-ISSN 2353-5571, (N/A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||adolescence, physical activity, individual differences, physical education|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 20.0, 17-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.