Human hair, Baltic grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) fur and herring gull (Larus argentatus) feathers as accumulators of bisphenol A and alkylphenols

Iga Nehring , Marta Staniszewska , Lucyna Falkowska


The purpose of the study was to determine the concentration of bisphenol A (BPA), 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), and 4-nonylphenol (NP), in human hair, the fur of Baltic grey seals and the feathers of herring gulls. Hair was collected from 42 volunteers, while grey seal fur (n = 17) came from the seal centre in Hel (Marine Station of Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk) and gull covert feathers (n = 26) were collected from dead herring gulls along the Southern Baltic coast. Assays of phenol derivatives were conducted using the high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection technique. In human hair, the mean BPA concentration amounted to 411.2 ng g−1 dw, OP 131.2 ng g−1 dw, NP 4478.4 ng g−1 dw, in seal fur BPA 67.5 ng g−1 dw, OP 62.8 ng g−1 dw, NP 39.1 ng g−1 dw, and in feathers BPA 145.1 ng g−1 dw, OP 162.0 ng g−1 dw, NP 37.7 ng g−1 dw. The increase of the analysed EDCs in hair was significantly influenced by diet rich in products of marine origin, as well as hair colouring, heating up food in plastic containers, using home cleaning products without protective gloves and wearing newly purchased clothes without washing them first. The concentration of phenol derivatives in seal fur was influenced solely by the uniform diet rich in fish. In birds, the feeding area during molting significantly influenced the concentration of BPA, OP and NP found in covert feathers.
Author Iga Nehring (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Iga Nehring,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Marta Staniszewska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Marta Staniszewska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
, Lucyna Falkowska (FOG / IO / DMChEP)
Lucyna Falkowska,,
- Division of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection
Journal seriesArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, ISSN 0090-4341, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishhuman hair, phenol derivative, grey seal, protective glove, halichoerus grypus
Languageen angielski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 26-02-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, 26-02-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.467 (2) - 2016=2.323 (5)
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