Present and past‐millennial eutrophication in the Gulf of Gdańsk (Southern Baltic Sea)

M. Szymczak-Żyła , M. Krajewska , Małgorzata Witak , T. M. Ciesielski , M. V. Ardelan , B. M. Jenssen , T. Goslar , A. Winogradow , A. Filipkowska , L. Lubecki , Anna Zamojska , G. Kowalewska

Abstract

Eutrophication is manifested by increased primary production leading to oxygen depletion in near‐bottom water and toxic cyanobacteria blooms. This is an important contemporary problem of the Baltic Sea and many other coastal waters. The present eutrophication is mainly ascribed to anthropogenic activity. To compare the present trophic state with that during past millennia, two sediment cores (50 cm long and ~400 cm long covering ca. 5,500 years) were taken from the Gulf of Gdańsk (southern Baltic Sea). The core subsamples were analyzed for phytoplankton pigments (chlorophylls and their derivatives, and carotenoids). In addition, carbon (Ctot, Corg, and δ13C), 14C dating, grain size, diatoms, and selected metals in the cores were analyzed to determine conditions in the depositional environment. The results indicated that there were high primary production periods in the past, during the Littorina Sea and the Roman Climatic Optimum, accompanied by oxygen deficiency in the near‐bottom water, most probably caused by climate warming. The ratio of 132,173‐cyclopheophorbide‐a enol, a labile degradation product of chlorophyll‐a, to the sum of other chloropigments‐a (CPPB‐aE/ΣChlns‐a) is proposed as a new paleoredox proxy. Heterocystous cyanobacteria blooms of an intensity similar to or even greater than at present also occurred in past millennia and were connected with climate warming. Hence, eutrophication must have occurred in the past, which means that natural factors have a substantial influence on it.
Autor M. Szymczak-Żyła - [Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
M. Szymczak-Żyła
-
- Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
, M. Krajewska - [Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
M. Krajewska
-
- Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
, Małgorzata Witak (WOiG / IO / ZGM)
Małgorzata Witak
- Zakład Geologii Morza
, T. M. Ciesielski - [Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet]
T. M. Ciesielski
-
-
, M. V. Ardelan - [Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet]
M. V. Ardelan
-
-
, B. M. Jenssen - [Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet]
B. M. Jenssen
-
-
, T. Goslar - [Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu]
T. Goslar
-
- Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
, A. Winogradow - [Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
A. Winogradow
-
- Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
, A. Filipkowska - [Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
A. Filipkowska
-
- Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
, L. Lubecki - [Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
L. Lubecki
-
- Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
et al.
Tytuł czasopisma/seriiPaleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, ISSN 2572-4517, e-ISSN 2572-4525, (N/A 70 pkt)
Rok wydania2019
Tom34
Nr2
Paginacja136-152
Objętość publikacji w arkuszach wydawniczych0.8
Słowa kluczowe w języku angielskimeutrophication, paleoredox proxy, cyanobacteria, pigments, deep sediments, Baltic Sea
Klasyfikacja ASJC1911 Palaeontology; 1910 Oceanography
DOIDOI:10.1029/2018PA003474
URL https://doi.org/10.1029/2018PA003474
Języken angielski
Punktacja (całkowita)70
PunktacjaPunktacja MNiSW = 70.0, 11-10-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Wskaźniki publikacji Cytowania WoS = 0; Cytowania Scopus = 0
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