210Po and 210Pb in forest mushrooms of genus Leccinum and topsoil from northern Poland and its contribution to the radiation dose
Karolina Szymańska , Jerzy Falandysz , Bogdan Skwarzec , Dagmara Strumińska-Parulska
AbstractWild growing mushrooms are traditional food items for man and also an important source of nutrients for small and big wildlife. Nevertheless, they can be species - specifically vulnerable for contamination with heavy metals and radionuclides. We studied a less known phenomenon of accumulation of highly toxic, the alpha-radiation emitter such as 210Po and the beta emitter 210Pb by three Leccinum mushrooms: orange oak bolete L. aurantiacum (Bull.) Gray (previous name Leccinum aurantiacum var. quercinum Pilát), foxy bolete L. vulpinum Watling and slate bolete L. duriusculum (Schulzer ex Kalchbr.) Singer. Fungal and soil materials were collected from areas of a different geochemical composition in the northern regions of Poland. In parallel evaluated was the risk to human consumer due to possible intake of 210Po and 210Pb with a mushroom meal. Results showed a heterogeneous distribution of 210Po and 210Pb activity concentrations within caps and stipes of fruiting bodies. Overall activity concentration for whole dried fungi material ranged from 0.59 ± 0.38 to 3.2 ± 0.2 Bq 210Po kg-1 and from 0.45 ± 0.04 to 3.1 ± 0.2 Bq 210Pb kg-1. Evaluation showed that Leccinum mushrooms consumed by locals in typical quantity of 0.5 kg (dry biomass) can contribute into annual effective radiation dose at 0.90e3.81 mSv from 210Po decay and 0.31 e2.14 mSv from 210Pb decay, which is a small portion of the annual effective radiation dose of 210Po and 210Pb for human inhabiting the northern regions of Poland.
|Journal series||Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||polonium 210Po, radiolead 210Pb, mushrooms, soil, foraging, effective radiation dose|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 35.0, 03-04-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 5; = 8; : 2018 = 1.54; : 2018 = 5.108 (2) - 2018=5.089 (5)|
|Citation count*||9 (2020-04-06)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.