Mallards Anas platyrhynchos shot in Eastern Poland: ecological risk evaluated by analysis of trace elements in liver

Agnieszka Sujak , Dariusz Wiącek , Dariusz Jakubas , Andrzej Komosa , Ignacy Kitowski


Mallard Anas platyrhynchos is a numerous and widespread duck of Northern Hemisphere. In some regions, it is an important component of the diet of local inhabitants. It may also serve as an effective bioindicator of pollutions in aquatic environments. In this study, we investigated trace elements concentrations in livers of 23 Mallards shot at fish pond complex during wintering in the Lublin region (SE Poland). The element concentrations followed the pattern: Fe >Mg  > Ca > Zn > Cu > Mn > Se > Sr > Cd > Pb > Cr > V > Hg > As > Ni > Sc. Our study revealed lack of sex differences in hepatic element concentrations suggesting similar wintering areas of both sexes. At 8.7% of the examined individuals concentration of Pb was classified as subclinical toxicity or moderate clinical poisoning for Mallards. It indicates serious need for banning of the use of Pb hunting ammunition in those parts of Europe (in that in Poland) where it is still allowed. Such the ban should be established at least in wetlands and waterbodies. Groups of people especially prone to elevated concentration of toxic elements (e.g., pregnant women, children) should avoid consumption of meat originated from wildfowl.
Author Agnieszka Sujak
Agnieszka Sujak,,
, Dariusz Wiącek
Dariusz Wiącek,,
, Dariusz Jakubas (FB / DVEZ)
Dariusz Jakubas,,
- Department of Vertebrate Ecology and Zoology
, Andrzej Komosa
Andrzej Komosa,,
, Ignacy Kitowski
Ignacy Kitowski,,
Journal seriesHuman and Ecological Risk Assessment, [Human and Ecological Risk Assessment (HERA)], ISSN 1080-7039, e-ISSN 1549-7860, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishlead poisoning, cadmium, arsenic, liver, mallard
ASJC Classification2302 Ecological Modelling; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2310 Pollution
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 20.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.758; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.012 (2) - 2018=1.689 (5)
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