Effects of a 70-year old artificial offshore structure on oxygen concentration and macrobenthos in the Gulf of Gdańsk (Baltic Sea)

Radosław Brzana , Urszula Janas , Marta Tykarska


Artificial structures with dense benthic assemblages on their surfaces are likely to affect the adjacent soft bottom and the communities that live there. In this study, we investigated environmental and benthic parameters in the vicinity of a 70-year old offshore concrete structure in the Gulf of Gdańsk, in the southern part of the Baltic Sea. Samples were collected at three distances from the structure in autumn of 2015, 2016 and 2017. Each year, temperature and dissolved oxygen loggers were deployed 4–5 months prior to the collection of benthic samples. The obtained results revealed a significant impact of the structure on several parameters. The average oxygen concentration at 1 m distance was 0.6 mg L−1 lower than at 7 m and 50 m distance from the structure. We registered hypoxic events that lasted up to 4 days, with the oxygen concentration dropping to 0.57 mg L−1, and this is the first report on hypoxia in the coastal zone (depth < 8 m) of the Gulf of Gdańsk. Despite the decrease in the oxygen concentration, no adverse effects on the benthos were observed. The highest values of the taxa richness, abundance and biomass were generally recorded at sampling sites located close to the structure.
Author Radosław Brzana (FOG/IO/DEEMO)
Radosław Brzana,,
- Division of Experimental Ecology of Marine Organisms
, Urszula Janas (FOG/IO/DEEMO)
Urszula Janas,,
- Division of Experimental Ecology of Marine Organisms
, Marta Tykarska (FOG/IO/DEEMO)
Marta Tykarska,,
- Division of Experimental Ecology of Marine Organisms
Journal seriesEstuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, [Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science], ISSN 0272-7714, e-ISSN 1096-0015, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.30
Article number106563
Keywords in Englishcoastal hypoxia, artificial offshore structures, macrobenthos, Baltic Sea
ASJC Classification1104 Aquatic Science; 1910 Oceanography
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 06-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.164; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.611 (2) - 2018=2.975 (5)
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