Anti-Hepatitis C virus activity of uridine derivatives of 2-deoxy sugars
Ewelina Król , Ilona Wandzik , Gabriela Pastuch-Gawołek , Bogusław Szewczyk
AbstractHepatitis C virus (HCV), the etiological agent of the most common and dangerous diseases of the liver, is a major health problem worldwide. Despite many attempts, there is still no vaccine available. Although many drugs have been approved for use mostly in combination regimen, their high costs make them out of reach in less developed regions. Previously, we have synthesized a series of compounds belonging to uridine derivatives of 2-deoxy sugars and have proved that some of them possess antiviral activity against influenza A virus associated with N-glycosylation inhibition. Here, we analyze the antiviral properties of these compounds against HCV. Using cell culture-derived HCV (HCVcc), HCV pseudoparticles (HCVpp), and replicon cell lines, we have shown high anti-HCV activity of two compounds. Our results indicated that compounds 2 and 4 significantly reduced HCVcc propagation with IC50 values in low μM range. Further experiments using the HCVpp system confirmed that both compounds significantly impaired the infectivity of produced HCVpp due to the inhibition of the correct maturation of viral glycoproteins. Overall, our results suggest that inhibiting the glycosylation process might be a good target for new therapeutics not only against HCV, but other important viral pathogens which contain envelopes with highly glycosylated proteins.
|Journal series||Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in English||hepatitis C virus, antiviral compounds, uridine, 2-deoxy sugars, glycosylation inhibition|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 30.0, 05-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; : 2017 = 1.146; : 2018 = 3.060 (2) - 2018=3.380 (5)|
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