Cyclic movement execution and its influence on motor programmess

Marcin Dornowski , Andriy Gorkovenko , Tomasz Tomiak , Viktor S. Mishchenko , Dominika Wilczyńska , Henryk Olszewski , Piotr Sawicki , Arkadii N. Talnov


Objectives: The aim of this study was to discover the relationship between the performance of different mechanical movements of rowers, and define its effect on the motor programs of the cyclic movement in athletes living in rural and urban areas. Material and methods: Twenty-two male rowers participated in the experiment using a rowing ergometer (Concept2, USA). The experiment consisted of 3 tests examining the maximal power of the pull-ups (MPbpu). The movement mechanogram was registered with a specialized complex Noraxon’s 3D MyoMotion (Noraxon Inc., USA). The software of the complex allowed calculation of the values of the joint angles from the accelerometer data. The Origin Lab 8.5 program was used for the mathematical and statistical processing of the signals from the mechanograms. Results: It was found that all experiment participants had a stepped controlled increase in the power of single bar pull-ups leading to a corresponding proportional increase in the frequency of rowing – test 1 and, conversely, a stepped controlled increase in the rowing frequency accompanied by a proportional increase in the power of the bar pull-ups – test 2. The involuntary dependence of the power and the rate was due to the peculiarities of the central cyclic movement programming, according to which the forces and durations of the active and passive bar pull-ups phases were interconnected and regulated together. The voluntary power-rate dependence control led to the breakdown of these links in the motor program of cyclic movements and to the separate control of these parameters. Conclusions: Motor programs in cyclic movement may be created in the same pattern in tope level sport and recreation, as well in different environmental conditions – gym halls (movement simulators), professional and recreational water sport tracks.
Author Marcin Dornowski
Marcin Dornowski,,
, Andriy Gorkovenko
Andriy Gorkovenko,,
, Tomasz Tomiak
Tomasz Tomiak,,
, Viktor S. Mishchenko
Viktor S. Mishchenko,,
, Dominika Wilczyńska
Dominika Wilczyńska,,
, Henryk Olszewski (FSS / IPsych / DDPP)
Henryk Olszewski,,
- Division of Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology
, Piotr Sawicki
Piotr Sawicki,,
, Arkadii N. Talnov
Arkadii N. Talnov,,
Journal seriesAnnals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1232-1966, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishlocomotion, mechanics, water sport, environment, rural and urban areas
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; 1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; 2311 Waste Management and Disposal
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne (CC-BY-NC); with publication
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.755; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.03 (2) - 2018=1.277 (5)
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