Challenges for the Poland’s intermodal Corridors in the light of belt road initiative
AbstractThere are four intermodal corridors running through Poland: two vertical ones and two horizontal ones.Only one of the horizontal ones offers services formaritime transport and railway fromDCTand PortGda´nsk for China’s foreign trade to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. There are many competitors in rail support of Port Gda´nsk—freight operators without market power. The horizontal corridors are currently being used only through the border crossing Brest–Małaszewicze for the rail transport of goods from China toWestern Europe. The EU has sanctioned the trade with Russia including transit through its territory too. This is a reason for oneway freight railroad from China to Western Europe. The opposite freight direction reaches China by sea. That produces an effect of congestion on the above-mentioned border crossing. That might be suitable for southern horizontal corridor that is connected with Poland–Ukraine border crossings. The potential corridor, called the One Belt One Road project, has an opportunity to develop while China has decided to omit the territory of Russia. Belt Road Initiative would connect Central Asia and Caucasian States with Western Europe by rail. The most interesting aspect in that project is Ukraine as a transit state. It’s only the convenient rail freight corridor for trade with the EU. The horizontal corridors have potential opportunities for rail freight operators’ competition (especially for Polish and German freight operators). German rail freight operators stand a chance to gain market power, which will be proven in this study.
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Book||Suchanek Michał (eds.): Challenges of urban mobility, transport companies and systems: 2018 TranSopot Conference, Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics, 2019, Springer International Publishing, ISBN 978-3-030-17742-3, [978-3-030-17743-0], 342 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-17743-0|
|Keywords in English||Belt Road Initiative, China, Europe, Poland, New Silk Road, intermodal railway transport, TEN-T network, TRACECA|
|Score||= 15.0, 07-08-2019, ChapterFromConference|
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