Usnic acid derivatives as cytotoxic agents against cancer cells and the mechanisms of their activity
Beata Guzow-Krzemińska , Katarzyna Guzow , Anna Herman-Antosiewicz
AbstractPurpose of Review: This article summarises recent research on modifications of the structure or formula of usnic acid (UA), a lichen secondary metabolite, in order to obtain derivatives with higher bioavailability, potency and selectivity against cancer cells and presents the current knowledge on the mechanisms of action of such compounds. Recent Findings: Numerous approaches have been undertaken to improve bioactivity of UA concerning its use as an anticancer drug. Among them, the synthesis of UA salts or complexation with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin to improve its solubility and the encapsulation using different carriers (including various nanomaterials) to stabilise UA in biological fluids and improve their penetrance to, and release in, cancer cells were applied.. Synthetic modification of the UA structure has been explored to obtain more active and cancer-specific derivatives. Recent work indicates that some modifications of the C or A ring of UA selectively increase its antiproliferative potential against cancer cells. Moreover, specific changes in the UA structure allow to obtain derivatives which inhibit enzymes important for the cancer cells’ survival, such as mTOR, Pim, TDP1 or PARP. Some of them have been shown to enhance anticancer activity of the already approved chemotherapeutics, such as topotecan. Others, when used in an animal cancer xenograft model, were superior to UA in retardation of tumour growth and less toxic that the parent compound. Summary: UA is a promising lead compound for synthesis of anticancer drugs. Further work on its modifications, mechanisms of activity and validation in animal models is critical for development of effective therapeutics.
|Journal series||Current Pharmacology Reports, ISSN , e-ISSN 2198-641X, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.50|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Other; published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 0.713|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.