Transport a organizacja przestrzeni w życiu społeczno-gospodarczym

Przemysław Borkowski , Jan Burnewicz , Aleksandra Koźlak , Barbara Pawłowska , Agnieszka Ważna

Abstract

This paper deals with key issues arising when transport is confronted with chaotic socio-economic environments. Nowadays especially urbanised areas are facing some crucial issues concerning urban planning under conditions of spatial chaos. Transport, having an important role in connecting the space of social and economic life, is a mean to reduce spatial chaos but is also subjected to the impacts chaotic socio-economic forces have. Within this research the interrelation between transport and disordered environment in which transport has to operate is addressed in regard to: transport infrastructure investment planning, traffic congestion management, transport accessibility, accidents and transport safety and impact of transport on the environment. It is the expected role of transport system to reduce chaos, especially in urban areas. But to what degree transport is actually fulfilling this task? In fact in many places badly organized transport might add to the problem instead of solving it. The effect the chaotic spatial organisation has on transport accessibility influences daily economic and social activity of people. Specifically there are numerous cost drivers activated by chaotic transport development resulting mainly in higher costs of moving people and goods, negative impact on value of time in transport processes, direct costs involved like more intensive fuel and material consumption or heightened depreciation of vehicles. Transport could be also perceived as a source of many significant external effects for society and environment, which entails valid environmental costs. The list of transport external effects is relatively long. This is due to the fact that transport is also one of the most important sectors of the modern industrialized economy and modern society. Poorly planned transport system adds to the already chaotic socio-economic setup. This is especially visible in cities where different layers of chaos can interfere and create dangerous synergies. Due to the lack of adequate space management, and this is the case in the discussed spatial chaos, environmental and social externalities are growing, which leads to higher social costs, which every citizen pays for in the final bill. On the other hand well planned transport system should help to curb chaotic socio-economic environment. Thus the key problem analysed in this paper is whether and how transport system could be an ordering force planned and enforced in effective way in order to reduce chaos created by other activities or rather an additional negative effect within the whole spectrum of chaos drivers.
Author Przemysław Borkowski KET
Przemysław Borkowski,,
- Deparment of Transport Economics
, Jan Burnewicz KET
Jan Burnewicz,,
- Deparment of Transport Economics
, Aleksandra Koźlak KET
Aleksandra Koźlak,,
- Deparment of Transport Economics
, Barbara Pawłowska KET
Barbara Pawłowska,,
- Deparment of Transport Economics
, Agnieszka Ważna KET
Agnieszka Ważna,,
- Deparment of Transport Economics
Other language title versionsTransport and space in socio-economic life
Journal seriesStudia Komitetu Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Kraju PAN, ISSN 0079-3507
Issue year2018
Vol182
Pages81-113
Publication size in sheets1.6
Keywords in Englishspatial chaos and transport, transport planning, transport in urban planning
URL http://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/123406/edition/107635/content
Languagepl polski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych (CC-BY-NC-ND); with publication
Score (nominal)9
ScoreMinisterial score = 9.0, 12-07-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 9.0, 12-07-2018, ArticleFromJournal
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