Postglacial expansion of the Arctic keystone copepod Calanus glacialis
Agata Weydmann , Aleksandra Przyłucka , Marek Lubośny , Katarzyna Walczyńska , Ester A. Serrão , Gareth A. Pearson , Artur Burzyński
AbstractCalanus glacialis, a major contributor to zooplankton biomass in the Arctic shelf seas, is a key link between primary production and higher trophic levels that may be sensitive to climate warming. The aim of this study was to explore genetic variation in contemporary populations of this species to infer possible changes during the Quaternary period, and to assess its population structure in both space and time. Calanus glacialis was sampled in the fjords of Spitsbergen (Hornsund and Kongsfjorden) in 2003, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2012. The sequence of a mitochondrial marker, belonging to the ND5 gene, selected for the study was 1249 base pairs long and distinguished 75 unique haplotypes among 140 individuals that formed three main clades. There was no detectable pattern in the distribution of haplotypes by geographic distance or over time. Interestingly, a Bayesian skyline plot suggested that a 1000-fold increase in population size occurred approximately 10,000 years before present, suggesting a species expansion after the Last Glacial Maximum.
|Journal series||Marine Biodiversity, ISSN 1867-1616|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Calanus, zooplankton, mtDNA, population genetics, genetic diversity|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 30.0, 19-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, 19-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.646 (2)|
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