The electrical stimulation of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis causes oxidative stress in skeletal muscle of rats
Mateusz Jakub Karnia , Dorota Myślińska , Katarzyna Patrycja Dzik , Damian Józef Flis , Ziemowit Ciepielewski , Magdalena Podlacha , Jan Jacek Kaczor
AbstractRecent studies indicate that activation of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA) plays the crucial role in stress response, while several lines of evidence mark the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) as a major mediator of the HPA axis responses to stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the corticosterone flux induced by the electrical stimulation of BST on markers of free radical damage of lipids and proteins and antioxidant enzyme activity in skeletal muscle of rats. The male Wistar rats were used and assigned to one of three groups: sham-operated (SHM; n = 6), two-week (ST2; n = 6), and four-week stimulated (ST4; n = 5) groups. Blood, soleus, and extensor digitorum longus muscles were collected. The chronic, 4-week electrical stimulation of the BST evokes increased plasma corticosterone concentration, which resulted in oxidative stress in skeletal muscles. We found higher level of lipid peroxidation markers, lower level of protein oxidation marker, and elevated antioxidant enzyme activity in both muscles. Our findings have also potential implication showing that reaction to the long-term "psychological stress" may lead to free radical damage of muscle.
|Journal series||Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, ISSN 1942-0900, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 30.0, 06-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; : 2017 = 1.315; : 2018 = 4.868 (2) - 2018=5.392 (5)|
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