Transcriptome analyses of cells carrying the Type II Csp231I restriction–modification system reveal cross-talk between two unrelated transcription factors: C protein and the Rac prophage repressor
Alessandro Negri , Marcin Jąkalski , Aleksandra Szczuka , Leszek Pryszcz , Iwona Mruk
AbstractRestriction-modification (R–M) systems represent an effective mechanism of defence against invading bacteriophages, and are widely spread among bacteria and archaea. In acquiring a Type II R–M system via horizontal gene transfer, the new hosts become more resistant to phage infection, through the action of a restriction endonuclease (REase), which recognizes and cleaves specific target DNAs. To protect the host cell's DNA, there is also a methyltransferase (MTase), which prevents DNA cleavage by the cognate REase. In some R–M systems, the host also accepts a cis-acting transcription factor (C protein), which regulates the counteracting activities of REase and MTase to avoid host self-restriction. Our study characterized the unexpected phenotype of Escherichia coli cells, which manifested as extensive cell filamentation triggered by acquiring the Csp231I R–M system from Citrobacter sp. Surprisingly, we found that the cell morphology defect was solely dependent on the C regulator. Our transcriptome analysis supported by in vivo and in vitro assays showed that C protein directly silenced the expression of the RacR repressor to affect the Rac prophage-related genes. The rac locus ydaST genes, when derepressed, exerted a toxicity indicated by cell filamentation through an unknown mechanism. These results provide an apparent example of transcription factor cross-talk, which can have significant consequences for the host, and may represent a constraint on lateral gene transfer.
|Journal series||Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, (N/A 200 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.70|
|Keywords in English||restriction-modification systems, transcription factor crosstalk, transcription regulation, cell filamentation|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 200.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; : 2016 = 2.657; : 2018 = 11.147 (2) - 2018=10.727 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-07-28)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.