Gender and body-fat status as predictors of parental feeding styles and children's nutritional knowledge, eating habits and behaviours
Małgorzata Lipowska , Mariusz Lipowski , Paweł Jurek , Anna Jankowska , Paulina Pawlicka
AbstractThe home food environment is critically important for the development of children’s health-related practices. By managing dietary restrictions, providing nutritional knowledge and demonstrating eating behaviours, parents contribute to children’s food preferences and eating patterns. The present study examined nutritional knowledge, eating habits and appetite traits among 387 Polish five-year-old healthy and overfat boys and girls in the context of parental feeding styles and body-fat status. We observed that girls presented healthier eating habits than boys; however, overfat boys had better nutritional knowledge. Children’s body-fat percentage (%BF) was found to be linked with eating behaviours such as low satiety responsiveness and increased food responsiveness in girls as well as low emotional undereating and increased emotional overeating in boys. Our results revealed that overfat mothers, who were more prone to use the encouragement feeding style, rarely had daughters with increased %BF. Parents of overfat girls, however, were less likely to apply encouragement and instrumental feeding styles. Contrary to popular belief and previous studies, overfat women do not necessarily transmit unhealthy eating patterns to their children. Parents’greater emphasis on managing the weight and eating habits of daughters (rather than sons) probably results from their awareness of standards of female physical attractiveness.
|Journal series||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601|
|Publication size in sheets||0.75|
|Keywords in English||overfat, obesity, nutritional knowledge, eating patterns, feeding styles|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 25.0, 30-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, 30-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 2.101 (2) - 2016=2.54 (5)|
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