Gender and body-fat status as predictors of parental feeding styles and children's nutritional knowledge, eating habits and behaviours

Małgorzata Lipowska , Mariusz Lipowski , Paweł Jurek , Anna Jankowska , Paulina Pawlicka

Abstract

The home food environment is critically important for the development of children’s health-related practices. By managing dietary restrictions, providing nutritional knowledge and demonstrating eating behaviours, parents contribute to children’s food preferences and eating patterns. The present study examined nutritional knowledge, eating habits and appetite traits among 387 Polish five-year-old healthy and overfat boys and girls in the context of parental feeding styles and body-fat status. We observed that girls presented healthier eating habits than boys; however, overfat boys had better nutritional knowledge. Children’s body-fat percentage (%BF) was found to be linked with eating behaviours such as low satiety responsiveness and increased food responsiveness in girls as well as low emotional undereating and increased emotional overeating in boys. Our results revealed that overfat mothers, who were more prone to use the encouragement feeding style, rarely had daughters with increased %BF. Parents of overfat girls, however, were less likely to apply encouragement and instrumental feeding styles. Contrary to popular belief and previous studies, overfat women do not necessarily transmit unhealthy eating patterns to their children. Parents’greater emphasis on managing the weight and eating habits of daughters (rather than sons) probably results from their awareness of standards of female physical attractiveness.
Author Małgorzata Lipowska (FSS / IPsych / DIPGP)
Małgorzata Lipowska,,
- Division of Intercultural Psychology and Gender Psychology
, Mariusz Lipowski
Mariusz Lipowski,,
-
, Paweł Jurek (FSS / IPsych / DSP)
Paweł Jurek,,
- Division of Social Psychology
, Anna Jankowska (FSS / IPsych / DDPP)
Anna Jankowska,,
- Division of Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology
, Paulina Pawlicka (FSS / IPsych / DIPGP)
Paulina Pawlicka,,
- Division of Intercultural Psychology and Gender Psychology
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, e-ISSN 1660-4601, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol15
No5
Pages1-16
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in Englishoverfat, obesity, nutritional knowledge, eating patterns, feeding styles
DOIDOI:10.3390/ijerph15050852
URL http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/15/5/852/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)30
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 30-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 30-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.101 (2) - 2016=2.54 (5)
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