Granice autonomii etyki. O potrzebie uwzględniania wyników nauk empirycznych w etyce

Natasza Szutta

Abstract

This paper focuses on the psychological realism requirement which should be met by any ethical theory. Even if one should not make normative conclusions out of descriptive presumptions, there are still some limitations resulting from our nature about which one should remember when formulating moral ideals. One should not impose moral ideals which may require of people more than they would ever be able to bear. The paper’s aim is to emphasize how important it is to ethics to pay attention to the empirical research carried out within psychology which show that a large part of our thought and volitional processes is automatic or semi-automatic. This means that ethicists cannot exclusively concentrate on regulating reflective processes which underlie consciously made decisions. If ethics is to avoid marginalization, ethicists must also focus on those automatic processes which control human thinking and action, especially in the circumstances of a total “ego-depletion”, e.g. when we are tired, hungry, or under a strong influence of unstable emotions. The paper shows that virtue ethics is this kind of ethical approach which meets the psychological realism condition most successfully.
Author Natasza Szutta ZEiFS
Natasza Szutta,,
- Division of Ethics and Social Philosophy
Other language title versionsThe limits of ethics autonomy. Ethics takes into account the empirical data
Journal seriesAnaliza i Egzystencja, ISSN 1734-9923, e-ISSN 2300-7621
Issue year2017
No39
Pages49-72
Publication size in sheets1.15
Keywords in Polishetyka, psychologia moralności, empiryczna adekwatność, utylitaryzm, deontologia, etyka cnót, psychologiczny realizm, teorie etyczne, utylitaryzm, deontologia, etyka cnót, procesy automatyczne, procesy zautomatyzowane, edukacja moralna
Keywords in Englishpsychological realism, ethical theory, utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics, automatic processes, reflective processes, moral education
DOIDOI:10.18276/aie.2017.39-04
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)10
ScoreMinisterial score = 10.0, 22-03-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 10.0, 22-03-2018, ArticleFromJournal
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