Losy uchodźców polskich w Iranie podczas II wojny światowej

Arnold Kłonczyński

Abstract

The history of Polish people in Iran is primarily associated with the fact that during World War II a significant group of people was evacuated from the Soviet Union to Iran and stayed in that country. The decision to evacuate Polish soldiers to the Near East was taken as a result of the conflict with Stalin. On September 25, 1941, General W. Sikorski, Commander-in-Chief of the Army, issued an order to establish an evacuation camp in Iran. The Polish people gathered at camps that were gradually organized during their stay in Iran. They included: Teheran, Mesheda, Awhaz, Isfahan. However, the Poles did not stay in Iran for a long time due to the hostile attitude of the Soviet army occupying the northern part of the country, difficult life conditions in Iran and the constantly changing international political situation. The Polish government in London did not accept the new government in Poland, and the refugees did not want to return to communist Poland. Then decisions were taken on further evacuation of the Polish people from Iran. During the war there were about 116,000 Polish people transported through Iran, including nearly 45,000 civilians. Most of them left this hospitable country during the war. The soldiers joined the trail of fire leading through Palestine to North Africa and further to Italy. Over 2,800 people were buried on Iranian cemeteries in Teheran, Ahwaz, and Mesheda. The Polish refugees kept fond memories of their stay in Iran and interactions with its citizens.
Author Arnold Kłonczyński (FH / IH)
Arnold Kłonczyński,,
- Institute of History
Other language title versionsPolish refugees in Iran during the World War II
Pages57-69
Publication size in sheets0.96
Book Sibińska Maria, Dymel-Trzebiatowska Hanna (eds.): Dialogi o kulturze kultury dialogu: jubileusz profesora Hieronima Chojnackiego, Studia Północnoeuropejskie, no. 5, 2018, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, ISBN 978-83-7865-720-0, 308 p.
Keywords in Polishpolscy uchodźcy, II wojna światowa, Iran
Keywords in EnglishPolish refugees, World War II, Iran
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)5
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 07-11-2018, BookChapterNotSeriesNotMainLanguages
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