Coastal erosion-a "new" land-based source of labile mercury to the marine environment
Urszula Kwasigroch , Magdalena Bełdowska , Agnieszka Jędruch , Dominika Saniewska
AbstractMercury (Hg) can be introduced into the marine environment in many different ways. In the case of the Baltic Sea, rivers and atmospheric deposition are the predominant ones. However, in the face of ongoing climate change, a new potential source, coastal erosion, is starting to become more important and is currently considered to be the third largest source of Hg in the Gdansk Basin region. It is especially significant along sections of coastline where, due to the higher frequency of extreme natural phenomena such as storms, heavy rains, and floods, increased erosion processes have already been noted. Cliffs, which account for about 20% of the Polish coastline, are particularly vulnerable. The aim of the study was to estimate the annual load of labile Hg entering the Gdansk Basin as a result of coastal erosion. Samples of down-core sediments (0–65 cm) were collected in the years 2016–2017 from selected cliffs situated in the Gulf of Gdansk area. The thermodesorption method was used to distinguish between labile and stable fractions of Hg. Considering the mean total Hg concentrations in the collected sediments (9.7 ng g−1) and the mean share of labile (64%), bioavailable mercury, it was estimated that the load of labile Hg originating from coastal erosion entering the Gdansk Basin is 10.0 kg per year. The load can increase by up to 50% in the case of episodic abrasion events during heavy storms and rains.
|Journal series||Environmental Science and Pollution Research, ISSN 0944-1344, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Keywords in English||mercury fractionation, mercury load, coastal erosion, cliffs|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Other; published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 30.0, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 3; : 2016 = 1.048; : 2017 = 2.8 (2) - 2017=2.989 (5)|
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