„Mistycyzm matematyczny”. Idea czwartego wymiaru w myśli europejskiej przełomu XIX i XX wieku

Piotr Koprowski

Abstract

The article presents a few comments on the origin of interest in Europe in the so-called fourth dimension and the way of presenting its phenomenon in European thought at the turn of the 19th and 20th century. The turn of the 19th and 20th centuries is in Europe (and in the United States) the time of the greatest popularity of the idea of the fourth dimension, i.e. a kind of hyperspace. The authors of many scholarly, popularizing and literary works, as well as artists, philosophers and theologians asked the question: is it possible to see and present the fourth dimension of space, and give them answers. The epiphany experience of admiration for this novelty was combined with the conviction of the possibility of solving – with the help of mathematics tools – various “mysteries of existence”. From about 1915 to the description of space, the notion of time began to be added more and more often. There has been a peculiar blurring of the difference between the fourth dimension of space and time as the fourth dimension. Albert Einstein’s concepts contributed to changing the perception of the fourth dimension. Until now, the fourth dimension was the deepening of space, the total spread, but it had no connection with the determination of time. The model of Einstein’s inseparable space-time space has changed the center of gravity. It turned out that the fourth dimension is nothing but the identification of the object and subject, time and space, matter and energy. These parallelities of the physical continuum, for the scientist being a hypothesis, are realized in the “miracle” of art.
Author Piotr Koprowski (FH/IH)
Piotr Koprowski,,
- Institute of History
Other language title versions“Mathematical mysticism”. The idea of the fourth dimension in European thought at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries
Journal seriesStudia Redemptorystowskie, ISSN 1731-710X, (B 9 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol16
Pages115-124
Keywords in Polishidea czwartego wymiaru, nadprzestrzeń, geometria Euklidesa, perspektywa, geometria nieeuklidesowa, mistycyzm matematyczny, wielowymiarowość przestrzeni
Keywords in Englishidea of the fourth dimension, hyperspace, Euclidian geometry, perspective, non-Euclidean geometry, mathematical mysticism, multidimensionality of space
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)9
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 9.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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