Holocene history of human impacts inferred from annually laminated sediments in Lake Szurpiły, northeast Poland

Małgorzata Kinder , Wojciech Tylmann , Iwona Bubak , Magdalena Fiłoc , Michał Gąsiorowski , Mirosława Kupryjanowicz , Christoph Mayr , Laurentius Sauer , Ulrich Voellering , Bernd Zolitschka

Abstract

Annually laminated lake sediments provide high-resolution and accurate timescales for reliable paleoenvironmental reconstructions. We investigated human activity in a low-human-impact region of Poland, taking advantage of varved sediments from Lake Szurpiły, which span the last 8200 years. Multiple sediment variables indicated that catchment evolution and lacustrine responses, mainly to changes in forest cover, were divided into four phases. Because of sparse or only seasonal occupation of settlements in NE Poland, human impact in the region was insignificant until ca. 939 ± 55 BC (lacustrine phase I). During Phase II (939 ± 55 BC–AD 1392 ± 38), we recorded an increase in human indicators, reflecting the direct influence of a Yatvingian community. Afterwards, between AD 1392 ± 38 and 1770 ± 30 (phase III), permanent settlements and agricultural land use stabilized. The beginning of the last period (phase IV) was clearly identified by all sediment variables, which responded simultaneously to local human activities. Disappearance of laminae from AD 1858 ± 22 until about AD 1997 indicated disturbance of pre-existing, stable depositional conditions, followed by environmental recovery in the last 20 years. Such recovery may have been related to recent socio-economic changes and establishment of a park that reduced human influence on the lake.
Author Małgorzata Kinder (FOG / IG / DGQG)
Małgorzata Kinder,,
- Department of Geomorphology and Quarternary Geology
, Wojciech Tylmann (FOG / IG / DGQG)
Wojciech Tylmann,,
- Department of Geomorphology and Quarternary Geology
, Iwona Bubak (FOG / IG / DH)
Iwona Bubak,,
- Department of Hydrology
, Magdalena Fiłoc - [Uniwersytet w Bialymstoku]
Magdalena Fiłoc,,
-
- Uniwersytet w Bialymstoku
, Michał Gąsiorowski - [Institute of Geological Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences]
Michał Gąsiorowski,,
-
-
, Mirosława Kupryjanowicz - [Uniwersytet w Bialymstoku]
Mirosława Kupryjanowicz,,
-
- Uniwersytet w Bialymstoku
, Christoph Mayr - [Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg]
Christoph Mayr,,
-
-
, Laurentius Sauer - [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München]
Laurentius Sauer,,
-
-
, Ulrich Voellering - [Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg]
Ulrich Voellering,,
-
-
, Bernd Zolitschka - [University of Bremen]
Bernd Zolitschka,,
-
- University of Bremen
Journal seriesJournal of Paleolimnology, ISSN 0921-2728, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol61
No4
Pages419-435
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishvarved sediments, biological proxies, geochemistry, environmental reconstruction, human impact, holocene
ASJC Classification1904 Earth-Surface Processes; 1104 Aquatic Science
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10933-019-00068-2
URL https://rd.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10933-019-00068-2.pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)35
ScoreMinisterial score = 30.0, 18-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 35.0, 18-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.022; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.168 (2) - 2017=2.219 (5)
Citation count*
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back