Zero‐sum thinking as mediator of the relationship of national attitudes with (un)willingness to host refugees in own country

Jarosław Piotrowski , Joanna Różycka-Tran , Tomasz Baran , Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska


This study examines factors related to willingness to host refugees. We examined the role of national attitudes (patriotism, nationalism), out-group attitudes (classic and modern prejudice), and zero-sum thinking: Belief in a Zero-Sum Game and psychological entitlement in attitudes towards hosting refugees. We proposed including zero-sum thinking as possible mediator between national attitudes and attitudes towards refugees based on assumption that nationalism is a competitive attitude towards out-groups, while patriotism does not. Structural equation modelling based on a Polish national sample (N = 1092) revealed that patriotism is positively associated with willingness to host refugees, through its negative association with prejudice via decreasing zero-sum thinking. Nationalism was negatively associated with willingness to host refugees, through prejudice via increasing zero-sum thinking. Findings are discussed in the context of current refugee policies.
Publication typeIn press (online first, early view)
Author Jarosław Piotrowski
Jarosław Piotrowski,,
, Joanna Różycka-Tran (FSS / IPsych / DSP)
Joanna Różycka-Tran,,
- Division of Social Psychology
, Tomasz Baran
Tomasz Baran,,
, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska (FSS / IPsych / DEPOP)
Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska,,
- Division of Economic Psychology and Organizational Psychology
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2019
Noonline first
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishnational attitudes, refugees, prejudice, belief in a zero-sum game, psychological entitlement
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.867 (2) - 2017=2.287 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.