Pollution with trace elements and rare-earth metals in the lower course of Syr Darya River and Small Aral Sea, Kazakhstan
Piotr Rzymski , Piotr Klimaszyk , Przemysław Niedzielski , Włodzimierz Marszelewski , Dariusz Borowiak , Kamil Nowiński , Ainur Baikenzheyeva , Rakhat Kurmanbayev , Nikolai Aladin
AbstractOver recent decades the Aral Sea has faced a major human-driven regression leading to environmental, economic and health impacts. Previous research has indicated that its region may be highly polluted yet there is little recent data to assess the scale or nature of the pollution. The present study investigated the concentration of elements for which the World Health Organization (WHO) has established guideline levels (Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Sb) as well as 16 rare-earth elements (Ce, Eu, Er, Gd, La, Nd, Pr, Sc, Sm, Dy, Ho, Lu, Tb, Tm, Y, Yb) in the Small Aral Sea (SAS) and its inflow, the Syr Darya River (SDR). The latter displayed increased levels of Al (mean 851 μg L−1), As (35.8 μg L−1), Cd (2.8 μg L−1), Pb (10.1 μg L−1) and U (4.9 μg L−1), exceeding the guideline limits at selected sites. In the SAS these limits were exceeded at certain locations in the case of As and U. The total mean concentration of REEs in the SDR and SAS amounted to 22.6 and 61.7 μg L−1, respectively, with Pr, Ce and Nd constituting the greatest share. The concentrations of B, Ba Cr, Cu, Se and Ni were below the WHO guideline levels at all studied sites while Sb and Hg were always below detection limits. This research provides an updated status on the levels of contamination of the surface waters in the ecological disaster zone of the Aral Sea in Kazakhstan.
|Journal series||Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, e-ISSN 1879-1298, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.50|
|Keywords in English||Aral Sea, Syr Darya, toxic metals, arsenic, rare-earth elements, Kazakhstan|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 100.0, 30-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; : 2018 = 1.540; : 2018 = 5.108 (2) - 2018=5.089 (5)|
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