Trentepohlialean algae (Trentepohliales, Ulvophyceae) show preference to selected mycobiont lineages in lichen symbioses
Magdalena Kosecka , Agnieszka Jabłońska , Adam Flakus , Pamela Rodriguez-Flakus , Martin Kukwa , Beata Guzow-Krzemińska
AbstractThe main aims of this work were to assess phylogenetic relationships of the trentepohlialean photobionts in tropical, mainly sterile lichens collected in Bolivia, to examine their genetic diversity, host specificity, and the impact of habitat factors on the occurrence of Trentepohliales. Based on rbcL marker analysis we constructed a phylogenetic tree with eight major clades of Trentepohliales, of which in seven free‐living species are intermingled with lichenized ones. Our analyses show that the studied photobionts are scattered across the phylogenetic tree and algae from temperate and tropical regions do not form monophyletic groups, except of one clade which seems to be restricted to the tropics. There is no significant occurrence pattern of lichenized Trentepohliaceae on a specific substratum, except Cephaleuros spp. and Phycopeltis spp. which are restricted to leaves, while some clades with lichenized algae may be specialized to tree bark and wood. Moreover, we found two patterns of associations: first, closely related algae can associate with distantly related mycobionts, second, some other trentepohlioid algae associate with selected lineages of fungi (e.g., Arthoniaceae or Graphidaceae). We also found that some lineages of photobionts are even more selective and associate exclusively with one species (e.g., Dichosporidium nigrocinctum, Diorygma antillarum) or closely related lichen‐forming fungi (Herpothallon spp.). Concluding, we found that occurrence of some trentepohlialean photobionts may correlate with the particular type of the mycobiont.
|Journal series||Journal of Phycology, ISSN 0022-3646, e-ISSN 1529-8817, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.70|
|Keywords in English||Bolivia, lichen-forming fungi, Neotropics, photobionts, phylogeny, rbcL, specificity, selectivity, symbiotic associations, 18S rDNA|
|Score||= 100.0, 05-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0.000; : 2018 = 1.197; : 2018 = 2.831 (2) - 2018=3.063 (5)|
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