Ryzyko depresji poporodowej a cechy osobowości i wsparcie społeczne. Polskie przesiewowe badanie obserwacyjne matek 4 tygodnie i 3 miesiące po porodzie

Karolina Maliszewska , Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund , Mariola Bidzan , Krzysztof Preis

Abstract

Aim. To investigate the likelihood of postpartum depression and to explore maternal characteristics in terms of personality, social support and other medical and psychological data.Method. A sample of 548 patients was investigated 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery. They responded to questionnaires containing sociodemographic questions: the EPDS (EdinburghPostnatal Depression Scale), the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), the NEO-FFI (Personality Inventory), and the BSSS (Berlin Social Support Scales).Results. Probable depression any time during first 3 months postpartum was prevalent among 6.38% of women, based on the following criteria: EPDS > 12 points and PHQ-9 > 9 points. A score of EPDS > 9 in the first week after delivery (ORa = 4.16; CI 1.59–10.86),a history of hospitalisation during pregnancy (ORa = 3.51; CI 1.32–9.20), a high level of neuroticism (ORa = 1.37; CI 1.05–1.77), and high buffering-protective social support (ORa= 2.56; 1.25–5.23) were significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Potential protectivefactors were initial breastfeeding (ORa = 0.31; CI 0.11–0.90) and high satisfaction with currently received social support (ORa = 0.41; CI 0.22–0.79). The total dropout rate was 23%.Conclusions. New mothers who are neurotic and who suffered from physical or mental problems during pregnancy and puerperium might experience depressive symptoms more easily. They would also protect those close to them from negative information about themselves. A lack of initial breastfeeding and unsatisfactory social support played a similar role.
Author Karolina Maliszewska
Karolina Maliszewska,,
-
, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund
Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund,,
-
, Mariola Bidzan (FSS / IPsych / DCPN)
Mariola Bidzan,,
- Division of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology
, Krzysztof Preis
Krzysztof Preis,,
-
Other language title versionsScreening for maternal postpartum depression and associations with personality traits and social support. A Polish follow-up study 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery
Journal seriesPsychiatria Polska, ISSN 0033-2674, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2017
Vol51
No5
Pages889-898
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Polishzaburzenia nastroju, narzędzia skriningowe, połóg
Keywords in Englishmood disorders screening tools puerperium
DOIDOI:10.12740/PP/68628
URL https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/68628
Languagepl polski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Other open licence; with publication
Score (nominal)15
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.01 (2) - 2016=0.816 (5)
Citation count*
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back