Mucopolysaccharidosis and autophagy: controversies on the contribution of the process to the pathogenesis and possible therapeutic applications

Karolina Pierzynowska , Lidia Gaffke , Magdalena Podlacha , Joanna Brokowska , Grzegorz Węgrzyn

Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) consists of a group of 11 enzymatic defects which result in accumulation of undegraded glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in lysosomes. MPS is a severe metabolic disease for which only bone marrow/hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and enzyme replacement therapy are current therapeutic options. However, they are available for only a few of MPS types, and are ineffective in treatment of central nervous system. Recent studies indicated that the autophagy process can be impaired in MPS, but various contradictory conclusions have been published in this matter. Nevertheless, stimulation of autophagy has been proposed as a potential therapeutic option for MPS, and very recent results suggest that such approach might be effective in improving MPS symptoms. Still the mechanisms of autophagy changes in MPS are not clear, and efficiency of autophagy activation in clearing the storage material requires further investigation. These problems are summarized and discussed in this review.
Author Karolina Pierzynowska (FB / DMoB)
Karolina Pierzynowska,,
- Department of Molecular Biology
, Lidia Gaffke (FB / DMoB)
Lidia Gaffke,,
- Department of Molecular Biology
, Magdalena Podlacha (FB / DMoB)
Magdalena Podlacha,,
- Department of Molecular Biology
, Joanna Brokowska (FB / DMoB)
Joanna Brokowska,,
- Department of Molecular Biology
, Grzegorz Węgrzyn (FB / DMoB)
Grzegorz Węgrzyn,,
- Department of Molecular Biology
Journal seriesNeuroMolecular Medicine, ISSN 1535-1084, e-ISSN 1559-1174, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol22
Pages25-30
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishMucopolysaccharidosis, autophagy, glycosaminoglycans, genistein, trehalose
ASJC Classification1313 Molecular Medicine; 2804 Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience; 2808 Neurology
DOIDOI:10.1007/s12017-019-08559-1
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s12017-019-08559-1
Languageen angielski
LicenseOther; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 29-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.915; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.576 (2) - 2018=3.281 (5)
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