From communist fan clubs to professional hooligans: a history of Polish fandom as a social process
AbstractThe main aim of this article is to present the history of Polish football fandom as a social process which has coincided with the processes of transformation of Polish society over the last few decades. The fan movement in Poland dates back to the early 1970s when the communist authorities attempted to channel the activity of supporters. The 1980s, however, brought the development of a spontaneous movement with strong accents of hooliganism. The post-1989 transformation led to a economic and social crisis, with the rule of anarchy in football stadiums. Along with the formation of the democratic order, the fan movement evolved into different sections focused on particular aspects of activity. The paper is also devoted to the ideological dimension of fan culture, related to the conflict with the government at the turn of the 2010s.
|Other language title versions|
|Journal series||Sociology of Sport Journal, ISSN 0741-1235, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.5|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 25.0, 04-11-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 4; : 2017 = 0.936; : 2017 = 1.0 (2) - 2017=1.62 (5)|
|Citation count*||12 (2019-11-06)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.