Feeding the Crusades: archaeobotany, animal husbandry and livestock alimentation on the Baltic Frontier
Rowena Y. Banerjea , Monika Badura , Alex Brown , Lionello F. Morandi , Mirosław Marcinkowski , Heiki Valk , Kristin M. Ismail-Meyer , Aleks Pluskowski
AbstractThe integrated results of micromorphology, plant macrofossil, pollen, phytolith, and non-pollen palynomorph analyses represent an important study of two thirteenth-century Teutonic Order castles at Karksi (Livonia), and Elbląg (Prussia). The research examines deposits that formed during the period of active crusading. At Karksi, the investigation of a midden and of the organic-rich sediment beneath allows the diachronic use of this area to be understood. Freshwater aquatic indicators are consistent with the occurrence of shallow stagnant water, as also suggested by a waterlaid pond sediment identified in thin-section. Coprophilous spore taxa suggest the use of the pond as a watering hole. Plant macrofossils from the midden represent a range of habitats, mostly from wet/damp areas, as well as pastures and meadows, and also woodlands. Fragments of millet are embedded within herbivore dung in thin-section showing the use of this grain as fodder. At Elbląg, parasite ova may derive from animal feces as they also occur in the dung observed in thin-section, and a range of coprophilous fungal spore taxa were extracted. The results reveal information about the range of livestock that the Teutonic Knights kept, whereabouts within the castles the animals were stabled, and what fodder was used.
|Journal series||Environmental Archaeology, ISSN 1461-4103, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Crusades, micromorphology, plant macroremains, palynology, non-pollen palynomorphs|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 140.0, 29-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.101; : 2018 = 1.317 (2) - 2018=1.627 (5)|
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