Mono- and bimetallic nanoparticles decorated KTaO3 photocatalysts with improved Vis and UV-Vis light activity
Anna Krukowska , Grzegorz Trykowski , Michal Jerzy Winiarski , Tomasz Klimczuk , Wojciech Lisowski , Alicja Mikołajczyk , Henry P. Pinto , Adriana Zaleska-Medynska
AbstractNovel mono- and bimetallic nanoparticles (MNPs and BNPs) decorated surface of perovskite-type KTaO3 photocatalysts were successfully synthesized by hydrothermal reaction of KTaO3 followed by photodeposition of MNPs/BNPs. The effect of noble metal type (MNPs = Au, Ag, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ru or BNPs = Au/Pt, Ag/Pd, Rh/Ru), amount of metal precursor (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 or 2.0 wt%) as well as photoreduction method (simultaneous (both) or subsequent (seq) deposition of two metals) on the physicochemical and photocatalytic properties of MNPs- and BNPs-KTaO3 have been investigated. All as-prepared photocatalysts were subsequently characterized by UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area and pore size distribution measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and photoluminescence (PL) emission spectroscopy. The crystal structure was performed using visualization for electronic and structural analysis (VESTA). The photocatalytic activity under Vis light irradiation was estimated in phenol degradation in aqueous phase and toluene removal in gas phase, while under UV–Vis light irradiation was measured amount of H2 generation from formic acid solution. The absorption properties of O2 and H2O molecules on KTaO3(1 0 0) surface supported by Au or Au/Pt NPs was also investigated using density-functional theory (DFT). The experimental results show that, both MNPs-KTaO3 and BNPs- KTaO3 exhibit greatly enhanced pollutant decomposition efficiency under Vis light irradiation and highly improved H2 production under UV–Vis light irradiation compared with pristine KTaO3. MNPs deposition on KTaO3 surface effects by disperse metal particle size ranging from 11 nm (Ru NPs) to 112 nm (Au NPs). Simultaneous addition of Au/Pt precursors results in formation of agglomerated larger metal nanoparticles (50–100 nm) on KTaO3 surface than subsequent deposition of Au/Pt with composition of concentrated smaller metal nanoparticles (>50 nm) on KTaO3 surface. The 0.5 Au/1.5 Pt-KTaO3_both and 2.0 Rh-KTaO3 reveal the highest Vis-induced activity among prepared samples in aqueous phase (14.75% of phenol decomposition after 90 min of irradiation) and gas phase (41.98% of toluene removal after 60 min of irradiation), respectively. The theoretical calculations confirmed that adsorption energy of O2 and H2O molecules was increased after loading of Au or Au/Pt NPs on KTaO3(1 0 0) surface. Control tests with scavengers show that O2.- radical is significantly involved in phenol oxidation under Vis light irradiation, which proposed mechanism is based on direct electron transfer from MNPs/BNPs to conduction band of KTaO3. The highest amount of H2 evaluation is obtained also by 0.5 Au/1.5 Pt-KTaO3_both after 240 min of UV–Vis light irradiation (76.53 mmol/min), which is eleven times higher than for pristine KTaO3 (6.69 mmol/min). Moreover, the most photocatalytic samples for each model reaction present good repeatability and stability after subsequent three cycles. Summarized, MNPs- and BNPs-KTaO3 are promising material in advanced applications of photocatalysis.
|Journal series||Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332|
|Publication size in sheets||0.9|
|Keywords in English||Perovskite KTaO3, Noble metal photodeposition, mono- and bimetallic nanoparticles, Vis/UV-Vis photocatalytic activity, pollutant degradation/H2 generation|
|Score|| = 35.0, 11-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 35.0, 11-04-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 3.387 (2) - 2016=3.184 (5)|
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