Corrosion inhibition mechanism and efficiency differentiation of dihydroxybenzene isomers towards aluminum alloy 5754 in alkaline media

Jacek Ryl , Mateusz Brodowski , Marcin Kowalski , Wiktoria Lipińska , Paweł Niedziałkowski , Joanna Wysocka


The selection of efficient corrosion inhibitors requires detailed knowledge regarding the interaction mechanism, which depends on the type and amount of functional groups within the inhibitor molecule. The position of functional groups between different isomers is often overlooked, but is no less important, since factors like steric hinderance may significantly affect the adsorption mechanism. In this study, we have presented how different dihydroxybenzene isomers interact with aluminum alloy 5754 surface, reducing its corrosion rate in bicarbonate buffer (pH = 11). We show that the highest inhibition efficiency among tested compounds belongs to catechol at 10 mM concentration, although the differences were moderate. Utilization of novel impedance approach to adsorption isotherm determination made it possible to confirm that while resorcinol chemisorbs on aluminum surface, catechol and quinol follows the ligand exchange model of adsorption. Unlike catechol and quinol, the protection mechanism of resorcinol is bound to interaction with insoluble aluminum corrosion products layer and was only found efficient at concentration of 100 mM (98.7%). The aforementioned studies were confirmed with Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy analyses. There is a significant increase in the corrosion resistance offered by catechol at 10 mM after 24 h exposure in electrolyte: from 63 to 98%, with only negligible changes in inhibitor efficiency observed for resorcinol at the same time. However, in the case of resorcinol a change in electrolyte color was observed. We have revealed that the differentiating factor is the keto-enol tautomerism. The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) studies of resorcinol indicate the keto form in structure in presence of NaOH, while the chemical structure of catechol does not change significantly in alkaline environment.
Author Jacek Ryl
Jacek Ryl,,
, Mateusz Brodowski
Mateusz Brodowski,,
, Marcin Kowalski
Marcin Kowalski,,
, Wiktoria Lipińska
Wiktoria Lipińska,,
, Paweł Niedziałkowski (FCh / DACh / LSCh)
Paweł Niedziałkowski,,
- Laboratory of Supramolecular Chemistry
, Joanna Wysocka
Joanna Wysocka,,
Journal seriesMaterials, ISSN 1996-1944, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.95
Article number 3067
Keywords in Englishaluminum alloy, corrosion inhibitor, alkaline environment, impedance analysis, adsorption, dihydroxybenzene
ASJC Classification2500 General Materials Science
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.285; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.972 (2) - 2018=3.532 (5)
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