Potent antidiuretic agonists, deamino-vasopressin and desmopressin, and their inverso analogs : NMR structure and interactions with micellar and liposomic models of cell membrane
Emilia Lubecka , Emilia Sikorska , Dariusz Sobolewski , Adam Prahl , Jiřina Slaninová , Jerzy Ciarkowski
AbstractDeamination of vasopressin (AVP) enhances its antidiu- retic activity. Moreover, introduction of D-Arg8 instead of its L enantiomer in deamino-vasopressin (dAVP) results in an ext remely potent and selective antidiuretic agonist - desmopressin (dDAVP). In this study we describe the synthesis, pharmacological properties and structures of these two potent antidiuretic agonists, and their inverso analogs. The structures of the peptides are studied in micellar and liposomic models of cell mem- brane using CD spectroscopy. Additionally, three- dimensiona l st ructures in mixed anionic-zwitterionic micelles are obtained using NMR spectroscopy supported by molecular dynamics simulations. Our conformational studies have shown that desmopressin in a membrane mimicking environment adopts one of the characteristic for vasopressin-like peptides b-turn - in position 3,4. Fur- ther more, dDAVP shows the tendency to create a b-turn in the Cys6-Gly9 C-tail, considered to be important for the antidiuretic activity, and also some tendency to adopt a 5,6 b-turn. In desmopressin, in contrast to the native vasopressin, deamino-vasopressin and [D-Arg8]-vasopres- sin (DAVP), the Arg8 side chain, crucial for the pressor and antidiuretic activities, is very well exposed for interac- tion with the receptor, whereas Gly9, crucial for the pressor and uterotonic activities, is situated together with the C- terminal amide group very close to the tocin ring. The arrangements of the Gln4 and Asn5 side chains, being cru- cial for OT activity, also differ in desmopressin as com- pared to those of AVP, dAVP and DAVP. These differences in arrangement of the important for activities side chains are likely to explain extremely potent and selective antidi- uretic activities of desmopressin. V C 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Journal series||Biopolymers, ISSN 0006-3525|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in English||desmopressin, deamino-vasopressin, anionic-zwitterionic micelles, liposomes, inverso|
|Score|| = 25.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal|
= 25.0, 20-12-2017, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.908 (2) - 2016=2.225 (5)|
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