Tempo artykulacji i tempo mówienia w dwujęzyczności równoczesnej niezrównoważonej (na przykładzie wypowiedzi tworzonych przez dzieci flamandzko-polskojęzyczne)

Mirosław Michalik , Ewa Czaplewska , Anna Solak , Anna Szkotak


The aim of the article is to describe the pace of speech of children with unbalanced simultaneous bilingualism who speak Flemish and Polish. Polish language (as L2) was the main focus of the research and, accordingly, the results of the study were compared to the control group which consisted of monolingual Polish children. During the research we used software which allowed for the measurement of both the articulation rate and the speaking rate. The obtained numerical data was statistically analysed. The following parameters influencing the pace of speech were studied in each stage of the research: average speaking and articulation rate, the average ratio of the pauses in the speech samples, the average duration of all the pauses, the average duration of the proper pauses, the average duration of the filled pauses, the average duration of the semi-filled pauses. The research group consisted of 16 Flemish-Polish speaking students at the age of nine and the control group included 16 monolingual Polish speaking students at the age of nine. The data obtained during the analysis of 32 speech samples confirmed that the processing of L2 is significantly slower in terms of articulatory and sentence-building fluency. The slower pace of sentence building, caused by the slower rates of articulation and speaking, is the direct result of the bilingualism of the students form the research group.
Author Mirosław Michalik
Mirosław Michalik,,
, Ewa Czaplewska (FL / DL)
Ewa Czaplewska,,
- Department of Logopaedics
, Anna Solak
Anna Solak,,
, Anna Szkotak
Anna Szkotak,,
Other language title versionsPace of articulation and pace of speech in unbalanced simultaneous bilingualism (using speech samples from Flemish and Polish speaking children)
Journal seriesJęzyk Polski, ISSN 0021-6941, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishspeaking rate, articulation rate, bilingualism, pauses, simultaneous bilingualism, unbalanced bilingualism, subtractive bilingualism
ASJC Classification3310 Linguistics and Language; 1203 Language and Linguistics
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.177
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