Trends in free fare transport on the urban transport service market in Poland
Katarzyna Hebel , Marcin Wołek , Aleksander Jagiełło
AbstractIn recent years, free urban transport has become the area of interest among numerous groups. The article presents the analysis of social, economic and environmental rationale for introducing free urban transport. Moreover, the Polish national and local laws and regulations were analysed to assess the introduction of free urban transport for various social groups. Using the source information from the Urban Transport Chamber of Commerce the criterion of age was analysed as grounds for free urban transport in Poland. Using the budget-related data from the Polish cities and municipalities from 2000 to 2016 the economic implications resulting from entitlements to free urban transport were identified. The conducted analyses revealed current trends regarding the entitlements to free urban transport and indicated that the main reason involves introducing such entitlements for children and youth, in small and medium towns and large cities and for seniors of over 70 years of age.
|Publication size in sheets||1|
|Book||Sierpiński Grzegorz (eds.): Integration as solution for advanced smart urban transport systems: 15th Scientific and Technical Conference "Transport systems. Theory & practice 2018": selected papers, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, no. 844, 2019, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-99476-5, [978-3-319-99477-2], 279 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-99477-2|
|Keywords in English||Urban transport, free public transport, transportation market|
|Score||= 5.0, 11-10-2018, BookChapterNotSeriesMainLanguages|
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