Public innovation policy and other determinants of innovativeness in Poland
Elżbieta Wojnicka-Sycz , Piotr Sycz
AbstractTo achieve the benefits of innovativeness, in terms of economic growth and competitiveness of firms, it is important to understand its determinants. The aim of the article is to check if public innovation policy co-financed by European structural funds in Poland had positive impact on the Research and Development and Innovation (R&D&I) results of the country and which were other determinants of them. It should help to manage innovation processes in the economy by the public sector in the future. The analysis was carried out with the usage of econometric methods. The sources of data for the analysis were public statistics and data from research carried out on 1355 enterprises which received or unsuccessfully applied for public support for innovation. Analysis carried out on macro and micro levels has shown that crucial factors of R&D&I are public innovation grants from European structural funds, as well as promotion of cooperation and interactions between different agents of the innovation system and especially with science. Moreover of crucial importance are qualified employees and particularly research and development (R&D) personnel, as well as support for capital investment. Innovation policy should be complemented by suitable labour market, demographic, education, industrial and spatial policy. It will also depend on fiscal policy. Success in R&D&I will thus not only rely on efforts undertaken in the form of direct innovation grants from public sector but on horizontal activities undertaken by the public development policy of different levels and sectors.
|Journal series||The Innovation Journal, ISSN , e-ISSN 1715-3816|
|Publication size in sheets||1.5|
|Keywords in English||innovation policy, public sector, innovation determinants, European structural funds|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score|| = 0.0, 11-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 5.0, 11-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal - czasopismo zagraniczne spoza list
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.