The impact of environmental contamination on the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species - consequences for plants and humans
Joanna Drzeżdżon , Dagmara Jacewicz , Lech Chmurzyński
AbstractEnvironmental contaminants, such as heavy metals, nanomaterials, and pesticides, induce the formation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). Plants interact closely with the atmosphere, water, and soil, and consequently RONS intensely affect their biochemistry. For the past 30 years researchers have thoroughly examined the role of RONS in plant organisms and oxidative modifications to cellular components. Hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion, nitrogen(II) oxide, and hydroxyl radicals have been found to take part in many metabolic pathways. In this review the various aspects of the oxidative stress induced by environmental contamination are described based on an analysis of literature. The review reinforces the contention that RONS play a dual role, that is, both a deleterious and a beneficial one, in plants. Environmental contamination affects human health, also, and so we have additionally described the impact of RONS on the coupled human – environment system.
|Journal series||Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120|
|Publication size in sheets||0.9|
|Keywords in English||plant environment, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, environmental toxicology, nanomaterials|
|Score|| = 45.0, 03-07-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 45.0, 03-07-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 7.088 (2) - 2016=7.729 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.