Body dissatisfaction, restrictive, and bulimic behaviours among young women: a Polish-Japanese comparison

Bernadetta Izydorczyk , Truong Thi Khanh Ha , Sebastian Lizińczyk , Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska , Małgorzata Lipowska , Adrianna Gulbicka


The growing number of women, who are characterized by restrictive and bulimic behaviours towards their own body is observed especially in countries influenced by Westernalization. However, there is a lack of cross-cultural studies in this area. The main aim of the present study was to examine the psychological and socio-cultural risk factors for eating disorders in Polish and Japanese women. A cross-sectional research study was conducted among 18- to 29-year old Polish (n = 89) and Japanese (n = 97) women. The variables were measured using the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Scale SATAQ-3, and the Eating Disorders Inventory EDI-3. The descriptive and comparative statistics, Spearman’s rho, and the stepwise regression analysis were used. The global internalization of socio-cultural standards of body image proved to be a significant predictor of Body Dissatisfaction among Polish and Japanese women. The main analysis showed a significant relation between the Drive for Thinness and Interoceptive Deficits in the group of Japanese women, as well as a correlation between Drive for Thinness and Asceticism in the group of Polish women. The obtained results could improve the prevention aimed the dysfunctional eating behaviours. However, the cultural nuances need to be considered in understanding the risk factors for eating disorders.
Author Bernadetta Izydorczyk
Bernadetta Izydorczyk,,
, Truong Thi Khanh Ha
Truong Thi Khanh Ha,,
, Sebastian Lizińczyk
Sebastian Lizińczyk,,
, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska,,
, Małgorzata Lipowska (FSS/IPsych/DIPGP)
Małgorzata Lipowska,,
- Division of Intercultural Psychology and Gender Psychology
, Adrianna Gulbicka
Adrianna Gulbicka,,
Journal seriesNutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.95
Article number666
Keywords in Englishbody image, body dissatisfaction, bulimic behaviour, restrictive behaviour, eating disorders, socio-cultural standards, mass media, western populations, cross-cultural
ASJC Classification1106 Food Science
Languageen angielski
LicenseRepository; published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
Lipowska_Malgorzata_Body_dissatisfaction_restrictive_and_bulimic_behaviours_2020.pdf Lipowska_Malgorzata_Body_dissatisfaction_restrictive_and_bulimic_behaviours_2020.pdf 373,75 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 19-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0.000; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.392; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.171 (2) - 2018=4.813 (5)
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