Comparison of cadmium Cd2+ and lead Pb2+ binding by Fe2O3@SiO2‐EDTA nanoparticles - binding stability and kinetic studies
Amanda Kulpa , Jacek Ryl , Grzegorz Skowierzak , Adrian Koterwa , Grzegorz Schroeder , Tadeusz Ossowski , Paweł Niedziałkowski
AbstractThis study describes the synthesis and characterization of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) functionalized magnetic nanoparticles of 20 nm in size – Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA – which were used as a novel magnetic adsorbent for Cd(II) and Pb(II) binding in aqueous medium. These nanoparticles were obtained in two‐stage synthesis: covering by tetraethyl orthosilicate and functionalization with EDTA derivatives. Nanoparticles were characterized using TEM, FT‐IR, and XPS methods. Metal ions were detected under optimized experimental conditions using Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (DPASV) and Hanging Mercury Drop Electrode (HDME) techniques. We compared the ability of Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA to bind cadmium and lead in concentration of 553.9 μg L−1 and 647.5 μg L−1, respectively. Obtained results show that the adsorption rate of cadmium binding was very high. The equilibrium for Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA‐Cd(II) was reached within 19 min while for the Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA‐Pb(II) was reached within 25 minutes. About 2 mg of nanoparticles was enough to bind 87.5 % Cd(II) and 54.1 % Pb(II) content. In the next step the binding capacity of Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA nanoparticles was determined. Only 1.265 mg of Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA was enough to bind 96.14 % cadmium ions while 5.080 mg of nanoparticles bound 40.83 % lead ions. This phenomenon proves that the studied nanoparticles bind Cd(II) much better than Pb(II). The cadmium ions binding capacity of Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA nanoparticles decreased during storage in 0.5 M KCl solution. Two days of Fe3O4@SiO2‐EDTA storage in KCl solution caused the 32 % increase in the amount of nanoparticles required to bind 60 % of cadmium while eight‐days storage caused further increase to 328 %. The performed experiment confirmed that the storage of nanoparticles in solution without any surfactants reduced their binding capacity. The best binding capacity was observed for the nanoparticles prepared directly before the electrochemical measurements.
|Journal series||Electroanalysis, ISSN 1040-0397, e-ISSN 1521-4109, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Fe3O4 nanoparticles, EDTA, surface modification of Fe3O4, silanization, cadmium determination|
|Score||= 70.0, 05-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 0.612; : 2018 = 2.691 (2) - 2018=2.468 (5)|
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