Surowce i narzędzia kamienne ze stanowiska archeologicznego nr 1 w Rzucewie
Piotr Czubla , Piotr Paweł Woźniak
AbstractThe analysed set of stone objects from Rzucewo site (334 items) consists of different types rocks, but the most frequent are sandstones (42.8%) following by diabases (15.0%), amphibolites (13.8%) and granitoides (13.5%). If only specimens recognised as a tool are taken to account (251 items), proportions of the hardest rocks increase (40.2%, 17.9%, 15.9%, and 11.2% respectively). This suggest the sorting of collected raw material and using its specific sorts preferred for the manufacturing of given type of a tool. Axes and their fragments are the most frequent in the analysed set (91 items). They are associated by chisels (13 items) and some hammers and hatchets (the latter ones only as fragments of tools). Very common are artefacts which are an evidence of such tools manufacturing, especially polishing slabs (66 items, commonly only as their fragments), moreover 7 polishing boulders were found. This is the prove that in Rzucewo the workshop of stone tools existed. The high intensity of tool using is identified, including re-using of worn out and damaged tools, simultaneously with the quite common presence of semi-manufactured tools and tools without signs of use. This confirm previous reports that Rzucewo site shows not only the record of stone-tool manufacturing but as well as the regular processing of a different material, like a wood for dugout canoes. The analysed stone artefacts were found in different stratigraphic positions, like: the colluvium material (layers I and II), the anthropogenic layer and in selected archaeological objects. The recognised complex of intentionally prepared places for stone-tool manufacturing is a very rare archaeological find in the eastern Pomerania. The Kujawy region is the closest one were analogies for it were found. Those similar objects were recognised in archaeological sites of the Funnel Beaker culture and the Globular Amphora culture.
|Other language title versions||Stone materials and tools from the archaeological site no. 1 at Rzucewo|
|Publication size in sheets||1.9|
|Book||Król Danuta (eds.): Zespół osadniczy z epoki kamienia - Rzucewo, gmina Puck, stanowisko 1, Fontes Commentationesque ad Res Gestas Gedani et Pomeraniae, no. 7, 2018, Muzeum Archeologiczne, ISBN 978-83-85824-94-7, 255 p.|
|Keywords in English||stone tool, erratic, Scandinavian rocks, Neolithic period, Puck Lagoon|
|Score||= 5.0, 28-01-2020, MonographChapterAuthor|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.